The basics of Quantum Theory are spelled out
here, --------------------------------------------------
Whether you believe you can do a thing or believe you can't, you are right, Please follow the links below, and feel free to ask questions.
Today, 14 March 2013, Albert Einstein (b.
1879) would be 134 year old.
The so-called 'God's thoughts' refer to a web of
correlations
There is not be included in the set of its color-able explications.The 3-D projection(s) of the global mode of spacetime are and 'the infinitely large universe'.It is a dual object which wraps up the local (physical) modeof spacetime, and produces finite 'templates' for spacetime. The cosmic vacuum/quantum aether, called here More on the errors in GR literature here. The current GW detectors are manifestly
blind and deaf to LIGO tunnels should be converted to wine cellars. Any other ideas?
Latest entries
on GW "astronomy":
We haven't the money, so we've got to think! Lord Rutherford, 1962 Brunel Lecture, 14 February 1962 Overfunded research is like heroin: It makes one addicted, weakens the mind and furthers prostitution. Johann A. Makowsky, The Jerusalem Post 19.4.85 Regarding Quantum Mechanics (QM), the aim is to avoid the incomprehensible paradoxes and Regarding the artifacts in QM, we may be in a situation similar to an Eskimo trying very hard to comprehend the notion of "trunk". In our case, we encounter an incomprehensible wave-particle complementarity, which could be just an artifact from our wrong thinking, like the "nose-arm complementarity" in the case of the Eskimo observing elephant's trunk. Surely ' The prerequisites for the interpretation of QM suggested here originate from Schrödinger. Back in 1935, Erwin Schrödinger stressed the following: "The rejection of realism has logical consequences. In general, a variable And in a letter to Einstein dated 18 November 1950 (quoted after J. Bub, p. 115), he wrote (emphasis added): “It seems to me that the concept of probability is terribly mishandled these days. Probability surely has as its substance a statement as to whether something is or is not the case — an uncertain statement, to be sure. But nevertheless it has meaning We are obviously dealing with a new form of reality: a
Going back to Ernst Specker's tripod, if there are states of the tripod in which The phrase "an incomplete Kochen-Specker colouring" (Helena Granström, p. 2) has no meaning whatsoever; it is the result from imposing wrong "glasses" onto the quantum world. And if you subscribe to the modern quantum mysticism -- "the quantum state is not a physical object, it is a representation of our state of knowledge, or belief" (Itamar Pitowsky, p. 28) -- your brain will wind up in a schizophrenic state of, say, 68% "knowledge" of the quantum state, and 32% of "[what da heck is that No mental concepts, such as 'knowledge' or 'imagination', are admissible in the ontology of quantum reality. We must never mix apples with oranges ( Karl Svozil refers to this UNdecidable faculty of the quantum world as "ambiguity" (p. 4), and stressed: "This ambiguity gets worse as the number of particles increases." If you think about the quantum world with classical concepts, it will get from bad to worse, until you end up with the (old) cosmological "constant" problem (more on that from Alan Guth). As Erwin Schrödinger might have said in 1935, the same "variable" that Let's give it a name: potential reality. In the quantum realm, it (i) offers its context-dependent As to quantum gravity (notice the opinion of an expert here), the 'potential reality' is introduced to revive the How can we fix these problems? By introducing two connections, geometric (local mode) and torsion (global mode of spacetime). The torsion connection is In the case of a human 1. All are not hunters that blow the horn. None of these "measurements" can "collapse" the potential reality (Platonic idea) explicated with these sayings. And if our Regarding the brain above your neck: its 'potential reality' is to its human self what EM radiation is to your subjective experience of 'color' -- no Forget about "energy conservation in GR". It's an oxymoron (details from Denisov and Logunov). What kind of "time" is implied in the The sole "explanation" of this ultimate puzzle of GR, offered by Chris Isham, was that, "after all, general relativity does seem to work well as a theory, and yet I can certainly read the time on my wrist watch!" But your wristwatch should We need quantum gravity, to uncover "the proper time [tau] along spacetime trajectories" (Carlo Rovelli; drawings here) and the genuine 'time variable' associated with the expansion of space due to DDE. Once we achieve this formidable task, we will (hopefully) find out what -- if anything -- At this point, I got an emotional response from Eduardo Guendelman, saying that the Bianchi identity is a mathematical theorem, so there is no ambiguity involved here. Well, I'm just a psychologist, so let me quote Matt Visser, p. 3: "... the Einstein equations of general relativity are local equations, relating Which is precisely the missing element needed to address the 'global properties of spacetime' in the presence of DDE. As R. Rakhi and K. Indulekha acknowledged (p. 5): "Because this energy is a property of space itself, it would not be diluted as space expands. As more space And so does the confusion about it -- click The intrinsic dynamics of the phenomenon of 'more space Although the mathematical meaning of the phrase "more space One cannot Notice also that Matt Visser (see above) considers the metaphysical assumption that the spacetime were "locally Minkowski (the Einstein Equivalence Principle)" to represent a If you are looking for a genuine quantum-gravitational measuring device, your wristwatch (as well as the one of Kip Thorne) fits the bill, because it reads an This is to me the ultimate puzzle in present-day GR. The sole "explanation" of Chris Isham was that, "after all, general relativity does seem to work well as a theory, and yet I can certainly read the time on my wrist watch!" I will desist to comment on C. Isham's observation, and will instead take the liberty of being (again) deadly boring, by explaining the difference between 'GR without DDE' vs 'GR with DDE'. First, a simple example from STR, with a trajectory of a Frisbee, on the fixed background of Minkowski spacetime: we can calculate the At this point, the 'GR To identify In a nutshell, the so-called PR From this perspective, if we follow the deflation time arrow in the The current situation with inflationary cosmology was presented by Alan H. Guth, the winner of the 2009 Isaac Newton medal, on 13 October 2009. He speculated that our galaxy could be an amplified "quantum fluctuation" (Part 2, 3:30 - 6:16),
... and then confessed his "Nightmare of Dark Energy" (Part 2, 11:36), on which the "eureka" of inflationary cosmology is grounded.
Let's go back to QM. Think of a trajectory of a Frisbee: at each "point" from the trajectory (the latter could be a Notice that not only the "R" process is being removed (as did Hugh Everett III in his relative state interpretation of QM), but the alleged "U" process and Hilbert space as well. The established theoretical physics community, particularly Niels Bohr, ridiculed Everett's interpretation to the extent to which Hugh Everett left physics (and became millionaire).
The next step is to elaborate on the "You do not know enough theoretical physics to help with any research in that area." To the best of my knowledge, nobody has so far offered some new cancellation mechanism as a joint solution to the measurement problem of QM and the cosmological "constant" problems. Such cancellation mechanism is built in the UNdecidable quantum state (quantum presentation of Platonic ideas) from
To understand the origin of this whole mess, read the second sentence from the excerpt below (R.I.G. Hughes,
All these problems are resolved in the PR Otherwise we have to inject up to 96% "dark stuff" (with all sorts of "ghosts") into the current theoretical physics, as calculated under the assumption that 'potential reality' doesn't exist. As Evalyn Gates put it (p. 196), the detection of DDE was "like finding an elephant on top of a table impeccably set with the finest china and silver (...). We stare in shock at the uninvited guest and demand to know where the elephant came from -- and how it got into (the) room." Regarding the arrow of spacetime: notice that the Frisbee-like sequence of This proposal makes the local mode of spacetime a perfect 3-D continuum with In the context of GR, the Hence in the local mode of spacetime, the dimensionless GW amplitude is zero, nonexistent, zilch. (Another case of reining a dimensionless amplitude, the mythical "quantum computing", is examined here.) Notice also that the hypothetical global mode of spacetime cannot be read by a physical clock (it will "stand still"). It is introduced to replace the "external time parameter" in H.-D. Zeh (p. 13) and the “auxiliary internal time” (cf. Macias and Quevedo, p. 8) by ' The next metaphysical idea is straightforward: 'time' does not originate from 'change of space' is defined relative to the "omnipresent ether X " (global mode of spacetime). The latter is located "within" each and every point from the local mode of spacetime, and is wrapping the local mode by two (in fact, one) 'numerically finite but physically unattainable Aristotelian boundaries'.All we can Hence we can bridge QM and GR, and understand the Recall what William Kingdon Clifford claimed in his paper ‘On the Space-Theory of Matter’, presented to the Cambridge Philosophical Society on February 21, 1870 (quoted after Domenico Giulini, p. 2):
Hence the space itself is endowed with
Perhaps we may have to develop new mathematical theory of 'potential reality', such that the "state space" of Margenau's Onta (quantum presentation of Platonic ideas) would match the structure of cognitive concepts; notice that in the "cheating on 20 questions" the answer 'cloud' was explicated by a Baeysian learning rule (not the Born rule). For comparison, the categorification of Feynman diagrams requires "black boxes with many wires going in and many wires going out" (Baez and Lauda, p. 16), while in our case all wires are "instantaneously" (global mode of spacetime; see the Escher drawing below) keeping track of all virtual 'black boxes' as well (relational ontology), in order to dynamically adjust to the changing context of the game, until they jointly select the final, explicated 'black box': 'cloud' (see also the four dice here).
We definitely need mathematical theory of 'potential reality'. The task is highly non-trivial, but once we unravel the correct mathematical theory, the astonishing effectiveness of mathematics (Eugene Wigner) may drive us closer to the true quantum gravity of He Who Does Not Play Dice -- the world is not deterministic but flexible, and the 'chooser' of one possibility ( All I've been getting so far is either dark silence or insults (some of them really harsh). Perhaps the situation will improve in 2010, after the sixth consecutive failure of LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) to detect GWs with the so-called "enhanced LIGO". GW energy transfer is fundamentally non-linear phenomenon (Hermann Bondi), but is wiped out with the "linearized approximation" adopted by LSC. Also, GW energy is intrinsically quasi-local, in the sense that GWs do not propagate exclusively "in one direction only" (“when the waves are all moving in the same direction”, cf. P.A.M. Dirac, Ch. 33, p. 64), as they Is it possible to detect some 'elementary shift' of the expanding metric -- the "intrinsic time interval associated to any timelike displacement", T. Jacobson, pp. 18-19 -- due to the omnipresent and perfectly smooth DDE? In what reference frame? Notice that you're dealing with some "fluid" that "has Similar rhetoric questions apply to the dynamics of the metric, producing inflationary gravitational waves on the 3-D "balloon" hypersurface. It's a bundle.
Forget it. There is no need for "precise calibration" of a dead turkey. The insane efforts of LSC remind me of the old joke about a drunken man, who has lost his key somewhere in the dark, but is searching for it under the street lamp, simply because it is brighter there. Only LSC's "key" costs Check out the communist censorship of Paul Ginsparg's "moderators" here. To explain "already", let me quote from Thomas E. Phipps, Should Mach's Principle be taken seriously?
From this perspective, detecting GW effects requires "online" access to the global mode of spacetime, in which the dynamical determination of spacelike and timelike directions (hence Lorentzian metric) is being produced -- one-at-a-time, along the arrow of spacetime. In simple words, this means that the proper GW detectors must be endowed with the self-acting faculty of the human brain, to match the "interaction of spacetime with itself" (C. Kiefer, p. 2; cf. also J. G. Pereira As of today, nobody cares. Nobody. I can take it. I'm psychologist, and don't need quantum gravity to practice PHI. Why would a fish need a bicycle?
[click the image to enter the web site]
Hopefully, if we join our efforts and knowledge (included at the level of our collective unconsciousness, cf. Jungian Meanwhile, please keep in mind the prediction of Robert Millikan, Nobel Prize in Physics (1923): "There is no likelihood man can ever tap the power of the atom." This web site is my feedback to all people, who are helping me, one way or another, with improving the theory. Feel free to download it (app. 11.8MB) from http://www.god-does-not-play-dice.net/PHI_info.zip By unzipping PHI_info.zip, a new folder, !Einstein_PHI , will be created on your hard drive. Find there START.html.lnk and open it (it is linked to this front page (index.html) in the website folder). If, for some reason, you believe we don't need new approach to quantum gravity, try to understand Sean Carroll's speculations (448 pages, January 2010): "... wavefunctions appear to collapse in one direction of time but not the other is not an explanation for the arrow of time, but in fact a
"... when treated in a multiverse framework, fundamental time is directionless and consequently physical laws inherit its time-reversal symmetry. Despite that reversal symmetry is broken for the local time by the bubble nucleation, the bubble still inherits laws of physics at birth from the multiverse, without modification. Thus the emergent time’s arrow in the bubble does not affect the time-reversal symmetry imprinted onto the physical laws that the bubble inherits from birth in the multiverse. (...) An emerging time in the multiverse does not appear plausible since the emergence adds information on the multiverse that wasn’t there prior (... but we face the same kind of emergent non-unitary phenomenon with DDE -- an evolving cosmological "constant" that springs from the quantum vacuum - D.C.)." ... and the obstinate belief of Andrei Linde ($164,179 FQXi Grant): Sure enough, Andrei Linde tried to answer the first off question of how many universes are in the "multiverse" (arXiv:0910.1589v2):
That's how 'potential reality' is being Back in April 1986, Yakov Zel'dovich wrote in a letter the following (private communication): "Long time ago, there was a period of time during which there was still no time at all." Of course he was joking. Yet the 'global mode of time', pertaining to potential reality, cannot be read by any physical clock, because the poor inanimate clock will read it as 'stand still' or "no time at all", as Yakov Zel'dovich put it. Maybe The Beginning, which lives in "no time at all", is always with us (dual age cosmology).
In German, it reads:
"Leibniz thought the idea of God as an astronomical maintenance man as absurd. He believed that God had carefully chosen among an infinity of possible worlds, the one He felt the most suitable. So that although we may not have a perfect world, it was the ============================
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D.C.
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quasi-local, and 'what is going on' in QM, check out Feynman [Ref. 1, 12-1]: "The first question we have to answer is: What are the There For example, in the case of two spin-half particles, everything you insert in brakets |1> = |++>, |2> = |+->, |3> = |-+>, |4> = |--> ... are just possible Thus, the system {“ Feynman also stressed [Ref. 1, 12-2]: "That’s the question: How do the amplitudes change with time in a particular (fixed) base?" The amplitudes change along the It would be nice if Robert Geroch writes up a sequel to his 30-year old book General Relativity from A to B, entitled "General Relativity from A to A+ds", to elucidate the concept of 'interval' in GR -- professionally. But he wouldn't. Trying to discover new math is a tough challenge. The last time I heard from Robert Geroch was eight years ago, only to require his email to be removed from my web site. I will gladly do that, if only he writes a serious paper on GR, or at least reply professionally. Here are two questions: Do you believe that the "points" from the underlying manifold can be If your answer to the first question is 'yes', you are ready to teach GR and enjoy its generic pathologies [Refs 2 and 3]. It is generally believed that (i) one can picture the spacetime in GR as a manifold that can be "locally modeled" on some fictitious flat Minkowski space, but (ii) this picture should break down at short distances of the order of the Planck length. Neither of these ideas are needed, however. There is no need for any limitation in the possible accuracy of localization of spacetime events either. Why is that? Because the so-called Planck length may possess an inner geometrical structure. Ignore it at your peril. D.C.
"The problem of the definition of the concept of singularity in General Relativity is very difficult indeed, as can be appreciated by reading on its historical development (Hawking and Ellis, 1973; Tipler, Clarke and Ellis, 1980). The intuitive ideas are clear: if any physical or geometrical quantity blows up, this signals a singularity. However, there are problems of two kinds:
=================================== Subject: The global existence problem in general relativity, ===================================
Re: Positive-mass conjecture in the case of "more and more space appears" ? Thomas Alva Edison, 1889
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Names? They're all at my web site.
The quest for Finite Infinity has a long history, starting from Gunnar Nordström (Über die Möglichkeit, das elektromagnetische Feld und das Gravitationsfeld zu vereiningen, Traditionally, experts in GR start with what I hope to
A rigorous definition of 'isolated gravitating system', which would ensure an "asymptotic regime such that In a nutshell, the idea of FI is to suggest a mechanism for obtaining a As in a good crime novel, all will become crystal clear at the end. Well, eventually. Some history. The notion of 'finite infinity' (Fi) was suggested by George F R Ellis in 1984; please see:
In order to resolve the conundrum of 'ending something', notice that the nature of the If we wish to work out a proper Finite Infinity, the obvious choice is to introduce a new 'cutoff and end-point' conjugated with the infinitesimal, We begin with postulating an uncountably infinite "number" of points Notice the crucial difference between the two Hence the interpretation of 'the infinitesimal' as the empty set (
Thus, the empty set ( Compared to the local mode, the global mode of spacetime is The question of what kind of 'global time' runs in the global mode of spacetime, equipped with "instantaneous" In general, the quest for amending Finite Infinity with an Arrow of Space is highly non-trivial, because we should also consider the following tasks:
Metaphorically speaking, the Arrow of Space is depicted with the Dragon devouring its tail (Ouroboros), from the Chrysopoeia ('Gold Making') of Cleopatra during the Alexandrian Period in Egypt. The enclosed words mean 'The All is One.'
I haven't been able to find suitable mathematical formalism to describe these widely known ideas. All I can offer is a simple (but incomplete) geometrical explanation of Finite Infinity. Firstly, there should exist a Secondly, the two physical, finite, Archimedean volumes of space tend The 'no-go' axiom about the empty set ( Thus, we shall place the "two" cutoffs,
L and S residing in the global mode of spacetime, equipped with actual infinity.A precise explanation of ' Thanks to the Arrow of Space, the 'large finite volume' will chase Notice that the The very notion of 'space' requires that all physical objects acquire
Thanks to the empty set ( In a nutshell, the modified Finite Infinity satisfied two conditions: in the local mode of spacetime the universe approaches Again, there is no path whatsoever to the It is the Arrow of Space which creates such Notice that we face here a kind of 'logical infinity': no physical, Archimedean volume of space can reach Without the global mode of spacetime, the universe would be governed exclusively by Archimedean geometry, conformal recipes would have worked, tessellation of space with 3-D "tiles" would have been possible, and we would calculate the Now, let me try to explain geometrically the empty set ( |