Subject: NCC
Date: Wed, 29 Jan 2003 18:35:38 +0200
From: Dimi Chakalov <>
To: Khalaf Bushara <>

Dear Khalaf,

Thank you very much for your beautiful paper

Khalafalla O. Bushara, Takashi Hanakawa, Ilka Immisch, Keiichiro Toma, Kenji Kansaku & Mark Hallett. Neural correlates of cross-modal binding. Nature Neuroscience, 6(2) 190-195 (February 2003).

I'm wondering what could be the neural "code" for cross-modal binding and cross-modal transfer in multimodal networks. We call it in psychology 'context',

but what could be its neural presentation? See also the process of 'filling-in' in the case of incomplete information, p. 120 and [Ref. 56] in

Francis Crick & Christof Koch. A framework for consciousness. Nature Neuroscience, 6(2) 119-126 (February 2003).

I will appreciate the opinion of your colleagues as well.

Best regards,

Dead matter makes quantum jumps; the living-and-quantum matter is smarter.


Subject: Re: NCC
Date: Fri, 31 Jan 2003 11:41:27 +0200
From: Dimi Chakalov <>
To: Khalaf Bushara <>

P.S. Regarding the story at ,

I'm wondering if you can understand the following string:

Lapsus salami.

Isn't it sort of self-referential? I'm curious to read more on the binding problem in

Jacques Sougné (in press). Binding Problem. Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: MacMillan.

As to your very interesting fMRI study,

do you know fMRI studies of mental rotation a la Alan Paivio? "The thing that you counted the corners of, that's what I mean by a mental image,"

See the dual coding theory at

and recall the well-known example of mental rotation:

Imagine a cube made of white plastic material with a 3 cm rib, painted blue, which is cut into 27 little cubes with a 1 cm rib. How many little cubes will have three blue sides, how many will have two, one or none?

We have two things to consider: the rotating cube, and the rotator. The latter has the peculiar faculty of 'self-acting', but can you locate the 'rotator' in the human brain with fMRI? Perhaps only the neural correlates of the cube. Just guessing.

I will appreciate your comments and those by your colleagues. Will keep them private and confidential.

Best - Dimi


Subject: Re: Info
Date: Wed, 09 Jul 2003 13:34:42 +0300
From: Dimi Chakalov <>
To: Mark Germine <>

Dear Mark,

Please reply to me only; I'm afraid your colleagues are deeply bored.

On Tue, 08 Jul 2003 14:26:40 -0700, you wrote:


> Following the links through Chakalov's e-references, the critical
> concept is
that of a local time (T1) and an absolute time (T2),
> which are components of
a single time vector.

Nope. I'm afraid you got it all wrong.

> I find Chakalov's ideas intriguing, particularly as they apply to the
> theory of
mind.  Perhaps he would like to explicate on the brief
> passage cited below and
how it might apply to my experimental
> results, which can be reached on the link


> >[Mark]
> >That brain process up to the stage of quantum collapse is implicit
> >or
> >
> >Collapse of the wave function is the mechanism of consciousness,

I'm afraid it isn't,

The story goes back to November 1999,

> >and actualizes a single brain state from among a myriad of
> >implicit or
unconscious possible states (virtual states).

Sounds intriguing, but you have to solve the binding problem,

I believe you'll be nominated for two Nobel prizes, for physics and physiology.

Good luck.

Dead matter makes quantum jumps; the living-and-quantum matter is smarter.